RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - Smile city, model city, ecological capital, "one of the best to live in". Curitiba has had many nicknames, based on urbanistic choices that won awards and were highlighted in international publications.
It is true that criticism was looming, biting at the managers' heels: "the ideal city for whom?" The not-so-organized growth on the city's peripheries has always led to questioning the restricted access to the benefits of the capital of Paraná state.
The city's urban revolution, which occurred mainly from the 1970s through the 1990s, was led by architect Jaime Lerner (1937 . . .