Three years after the last conflict, Azerbaijan has initiated a military operation in Nagorno-Karabakh.
This disputed mountainous region has long been a sore spot between Armenia and Azerbaijan.
According to Armenian authorities, the recent action has resulted in at least two civilian deaths and 23 injuries.
Meanwhile, Azerbaijan claims it targeted only military installations.
The Armenian government condemns what they call large-scale “aggression.” They urge Russia, who brokered a 2020 ceasefire, to intervene.
Azerbaijan’s defense ministry describes its actions as “anti-terrorist operations.” This follows the death of six Azerbaijanis in a mine explosion while building a road.
The area has seen escalating tension for months. Both sides have differing views on how to achieve peace.
Azerbaijan demands the “unconditional and total” withdrawal of Armenian forces.
Armenia states it has no army in the region and accuses Azerbaijan of trying to drag them into renewed hostilities.
Nikol Pashinyan, Armenia’s Prime Minister, has asked both the UN and Moscow for action. Internally, Armenia faces calls for a “coup,” pointing to a divided nation.
On the global stage, the EU, U.S., and France all engage in talks, concerned about regional stability.
This recent flare-up could destabilize the area further. With decades of disagreement, diplomatic solutions seem hard to reach.
International concern is rising, evident from involvement by Russia, the U.S., and France. Armenia’s internal division may weaken its position.
The EU’s immediate call for action reflects wider geopolitical concerns. Azerbaijan may feel empowered by the lack of serious international repercussions following the 2020 conflict.
The mine explosion that killed six Azerbaijanis likely fueled the current crisis.
Therefore, it seems the cycle of military actions could continue, overshadowing any chance of diplomatic resolution.
Observers now focus on the possibility of another international-brokered ceasefire to prevent ongoing hostilities.