RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - The Spanish conquest of Tahuantinsuyo began in 1532 with a memorable milestone. On November 15 of that year, Francisco Pizarro arrived in Cajamarca in present-day Peru to meet the Inca king Atahualpa. After a bloody civil war of succession, the second of two brothers had seized power from the late Inca King Huayna Capac.
As soon as the Castilians arrived at the city, they found abandoned; they hid in a large Inca castle and waited. A few hours later, they marveled at the portentous entrance of King Atahualpa and his entourage of 30,000 men . . .