RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - Brazil's independence process differed from the processes of other Latin American nations by being characterized as a peaceful transition and led by members of the Portuguese royal family.
After the Napoleonic invasion of Portugal in 1808 forced the exile of the colonial royal family, the Portuguese Empire would move its metropolis to South America, more specifically to Rio de Janeiro.
On September 7, 1822, under the influence of the proclamation 'Independence or Death', also known as the 'Grito de Ipiranga', Pedro IV of Portugal became recognized as Pedro I of Brazil, thus becoming the emperor . . .