RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL – (Opinion) Under Article 58 §3 of Brazil’s 1988 Constitution, either house of Congress can create an investigative committee called a “Comissão Parlamentar de Inquérito” (abbreviated CPI).
Article 58 §3 sets out only three prerequisites for any CPI: (a) a petition signed by one-third of the members of the congressional body; (b) a set of facts to be investigated; and (c) a time limit. Most constitutional theorists hold that if all three factors are present, the legislature must create the CPI; however, there are disputes as to the timing and the . . .