After 4 years being recognized as the legitimate president “in charge” of Venezuela, Juan Guaidó accepted the decision of the representatives of the National Assembly to put an end to said figure on January 5, 2023, after a vote where 72 voted in favor of the measure, 29 against and there were 8 abstentions.
The opposition reform comes after several rounds of negotiations, supported by the Joe Biden government in the United States, where it was decided to hold presidential elections throughout the Venezuelan territory for the year 2024.
After the end of the interim government figure and with a Washington-backed election that will undoubtedly be won by Nicolás Maduro, the Venezuelan population is concerned that the Chavist dictatorship will reach its greatest legitimacy in 20 years.
For this year, the opposition coalition Democratic Unitary Platform, formerly known as the Democratic Unity Roundtable (MUD), is organizing primary elections to seek a unified opposition candidate to face Maduro in 2024.
The leaders of the Platform assure that “Maduro is 100% defeatable” and they are hopeful that due to Biden’s support and the negotiations in Paris, Chavism cannot steal the elections again.
This naive position is nonsense to the millions of Venezuelans who marched in the streets and many even gave their lives to bring down the dictatorship, and democratic conditions will never exist at gunpoint in a country that lost the rule of law for voting wrong in that fateful election of December 6, 1998.
Since Hugo Chávez arrived at the Miraflores Palace by popular vote, Venezuela ceased to be a democratic republic and became a totalitarian autocracy, and no election organized by the dictatorship itself is going to change that.
Among the candidates for the primaries are several familiar names but also some new figures: Maria Corina Machado of the centrist-liberal Vente party; Carlos Prosperi, from the social democrat Acción Democrática; Juan Pablo Guanipa, from the center, and Carlos Ocariz, from the center-left, both candidates for Primero Justicia; and Delsa Solorzano, also a Social Democrat from Encuentro Ciudadano.
Figures such as Juan Guaidó would also appear for his Popular Will party; Manuel Rosales, for A New Time; and Henrique Capriles, from Primero Justicia.
It should be remembered that Capriles was already a candidate of the unified opposition against Maduro in 2013, when he lost by a difference of 0.73%, in an election plagued by allegations of fraud, which began the massive opposition protests in the following years.
Maria Corina Machado, who since 2017 has called not to participate in elections organized by Chavism without democratic conditions, decided to run this time to prevent the most corrupt and leftist sector of the opposition such as Fuerza Vecinal and the G4 (AD-PJ -VP-UNT) succeed.
According to the latest polls, she has captured many votes from the anti-Chavist sector, which is disillusioned with the MUD for its acts of internal corruption and allegations of behind-the-scenes negotiations with Chavism.
However, pollsters Datanálisis and PoliAnalítica point to Manuel Rosales as the favorite candidate to win the opposition primaries. Although these pollsters always overestimated the left in her measurements, there are people who distrust Machado because of her support for controversial laws in the past, such as the 2010 Disarmament Law.
There is also the fear that Chavism will intercede in the opposition primaries to give the winner to the candidate who is most accommodating of Maduro, since the internal ones will be within the framework of the National Electoral Council (CNE) and the votes will be counted by agents of Chavism.
Biden’s surprise support for Maduro has a completely economic background. The United States is desperate to lower the price of fuel internationally. But with Russia embroiled in its invasion of Ukraine and Saudi Arabia insisting on cutting production and continuing to push prices up, Biden has been left with no choice but to turn to Venezuela’s blood-stained oil.
In reality, there is another option, which is the path that Trump had taken. During the period 2017-2021. The then Republican president had enabled new ways of extracting oil, in addition to which he had heavily cut taxes on the activity.
In this way, the United States achieved energy independence by 2019, and came to produce more oil than it used internally, but Biden stopped everything on his first day in the White House, with a decree that prohibited the exploration and opening of new oil wells for fracking.
But with its head focused on showing itself in favor of caring for the environment, the Democratic Party would rather buy Maduro’s bloody oil than re-enable unconventional extraction in the United States, a decision that condemns almost 30 million people to eternal misery.
With information from La Derecha Diario