RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - Created in 1998 as a performance assessment of Brazilian students, the National High School Exam (ENEM) gradually took on another role, a selection tool to access higher education institutions. Since 2009, ENEM has been officialized as a gateway exam to Brazilian universities, along with the traditional "vestibular".
What few people know - but should be an added attraction for those taking the exam - is that the test results can also be used to secure a place in foreign universities, especially if the dream is to do a degree in Portugal.
In March 2014, a Portuguese government decree . . .